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留学生学术写作模板句分享

相信各位与essay相爱相杀的留学党们对于“万能句型”再熟悉不过了,在赶due的日子里套用这些模版句能让我们事半功倍。今天就跟大家分享一些学术论文中能够让你高效写作的高分模版句!

01、开头句

1.Regarding X, …

作为X ...

2.As regards X, …

至于X,.....

3.In terms/case of X, …

在X而言,...

4.With regard/respectto X, …

对于X,......

5.On the question of X, …

x的问题,......

6.As far as X is concerned, …

至于X而言,...

02、结尾句

1.Thus far, the thesis has argued that …

到目前为止,论文认为……

2.The previous section has shown that …

上一节已经表明……

3.To conclude this section, the literature identifies …

总结本节,文献确定了……

4.This section has reviewed the three key aspects of …

本节回顾了……的三个关键方面

5.In summary, it has been shown from this review that …

总之,从本次审查中可以看出……

6.This chapter has described the methods used in this investigation and it has …

本章已经描述了本次调查中使用的方法,它有……

7.This section has attempted to provide a brief summary of the literature relating to …

本节试图提供与……相关的文献的简要总结

8.This chapter began by describing X and arguing that … It went on to suggest that the …

本章首先描述了 X 并论证了……它继续表明……

9.In this section, it has been explained that … The chapter that follows moves on to consider the…

在本节中,它已经被解释为……接下来的章节继续考虑……

03、批判句

突出以往研究不足并且提出建议:

1.However, the author overlooks the fact that X contributes to Y. 

但是,作者忽略了 X 对 Y 有贡献的事实。

2.the study fails to consider the differing categories of damage that …

该研究未能考虑……的不同损害类别。

3.the research does not take into account pre-existing … such as …

该研究没有考虑预先存在的……例如……

4.the author offers no explanation for the distinction between X and Y.

作者没有解释 X 和 Y 之间的区别

5.The study would have been more interesting if it had included …如果研究包括……

6.These studies would have been more useful if they had focused on …这些研究会更有趣,如果他们专注于……

7.The research would have been more relevant if a wider range of X had been explored. 如果对更广泛的 X 进行了探索,这项研究会更有意义

介绍专家的批判立场:

1.X’s meta-analysis has been subjected to considerable criticism.

X的元分析受到了相当多的批评。

2.The most important of these criticisms is that X failed to note that …

这些批评中最重要的是,X没有注意到……

3.The X theory has been vigorously challenged in recent years by a number of writers.

X 理论近年来受到了许多作家的大力挑战。

4.These claims have been strongly contested in recent years by a number of writers.

近年来,许多作家强烈反对这些说法。

5.X has also questioned why …

X也质疑为什么……

6.However, X points out that …

然而,X指出……

7.The author challenges the widely held view that …

作者挑战了广泛持有的观点,即……

8.However, X questioned this hypothesis and …

然而,X提出质疑,这种假说和..

04、对比句

介绍差异:

1.X is different from Y in a number of respects.

X 在许多方面不同于 Y。

2.X differs from Y in a number of important ways.

X 在许多重要方面不同于 Y。

3.There are a number of important differences between X and Y.

X 和 Y 之间存在许多重要差异

4.Areas where significant differences have been found include X and Y.

已发现显着差异的区域包括 X 和 Y。

5.In contrast to earlier findings...X 

然而,与早先的发现相反..

介绍相似:

1. Both X and Y share a number of key features.

X 和 Y 都具有许多关键特征。

2. There are a number of similarities between X and Y.

X 和 Y 之间有许多相似之处

3. These results are similar to those reported by X.

这些结果与X报道的结果相似。

4. This definition is similar to that found in X who writes:

这个定义与 X中的定义相似,他写道:

05、举例

1. For example, ..../Such as...

例如...

2. This is evident in the case of …

这在……的情况下很明显……

3. This is certainly true in the case of …

这在……的情况下当然是正确的。

4. X is a good illustration of …

X 很好地说明了……

5. X illustrates this point clearly.

X 清楚地说明了这一点。

6. This can be illustrated briefly by …

这可以通过……简要说明……

7. This case has shown that …

这个案例表明……

8. This has been seen in the case of …

这已经在……

9. The case reported here illustrates the …

的案例中看到了……这里报告的案例说明了……

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